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Eero Hyvönen Publishing and Using Cultural Heritage Linked Data on the Semantic Web

Eero Hyvönen
Publishing and Using Cultural Heritage Linked Data on the Semantic Web

San Rafael, Calif. Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2012, 161 pages
Series: Synthesis lectures on the semantic web, theory and technology

Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments

1. Cultural Heritage on the Semantic Web
    1.1 Characterizing Cultural Heritage
    1.2 Information Portals for Cultural Heritage
    1.3 Challenges of Cultural Heritage Data
    1.4 Promises of the Semantic Web
    1.5 Outline of the Book
    1.6 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
2. Portal Model for Collaborative CH Publishing
    2.1 Global Access for Local Linked Content
        2.1.1 Federated Search
        2.1.2 Data Warehousing
    2.2 Collaborative Publishing of Linked Data
    2.3 Benefits for End-users
    2.4 Benefits for Publishers
    2.5 New Challenges
    2.6 Components of a Semantic Portal System
    2.7 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
3. Requirements for Publishing Linked Data
    3.1 Five-star Model for Linked Data
        3.1.1 Publishing Structured Data
        3.1.2 Open Licensing
        3.1.3 Open Formats
        3.1.4 Requirements for Identifiers
        3.1.5 Linking Data Internally and Externally
    3.2 Requirements for Interfaces and APIs
        3.2.1 Linked Data Browsing
        3.2.2 SPARQL Endpoint
        3.2.3 Download Facility
        3.2.4 Human Interfaces
    3.3 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
4. Metadata Schemas
    4.1 Metadata Types
    4.2 Web Schemas
        4.2.1 Dublin Core
        4.2.2 VRA Core Categories
    4.3 Cataloging Schemas
        4.3.1 Categories for the Description of Works of
            Art (CDWA)
        4.3.2 SPECTRUM
        4.3.3 Metadata Formats in Libraries
        4.3.4 Metadata Formats in Archives
    4.4 Conceptual Harmonization Schemas
        4.4.1 Approaches to Semantic Interoperability
        4.4.2 Europeana Semantic Elements (ESE)
        4.4.3 Europeana Data Model (EDM)
        4.4.4 CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM)
        4.4.5 Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR)
        4.4.6 Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD)
        4.4.7 Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data (FRSAD)
        4.4.8 FRBRoo
    4.5 Harvesting Schemas: LIDO
    4.6 Harvesting and Searching Protocols
        4.6.1 Searching with Z39.50, SRU/SRW, and OpenSearch
        4.6.2 Harvesting with OAI-PMH
        4.6.3 SPARQL Endpoint for Linked Data
    4.7 Discussion: Object, Event, and Process Models
    4.8 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
5. Domain Vocabularies and Ontologies
    5.1 Approaches to Ontologies
        5.1.1 Philosophy
        5.1.2 Lexicography and Linguistics
        5.1.3 Terminology
        5.1.4 Information and Library Science
        5.1.5 Computer Science
    5.2 Semantic Web Ontology Languages
        5.2.1 RDF Schema
        5.2.2 Simple Knowledge Organization System SKOS
        5.2.3 Web Ontology Language OWL
    5.3 Ontology Types
        5.3.1 Classifications, Thesauri, and Ontologies
        5.3.2 Ontology Types by Major Domains
    5.4 Actor Ontologies
    5.5 Place Ontologies
    5.6 Time Ontologies
        5.6.1 Linear Time
        5.6.2 Cyclic Time
    5.7 Event Ontologies
    5.8 Nomenclatures
    5.9 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
6. Logic Rules for Cultural Heritage
    6.1 The Idea of Logic
    6.2 Logical Interpretation of RDF(S) and OWL
    6.3 Rules for Reasoning
        6.3.1 Horn Logic vs. Description Logics
        6.3.2 Closed World Assumption
        6.3.3 Unique Name Assumption
    6.4 Use Cases for Rules in Cultural Heritage
    6.5 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
7. Cultural Content Creation
    7.1 Vocabulary and Ontology Creation
        7.1.1 Conceptual Levels of Ontology Creation
        7.1.2 Transforming Legacy Thesauri into Ontologies
        7.1.3 Terminology Creation
        7.1.4 Ontology Alignment
        7.1.5 Ontology Evolution
    7.2 Transforming Local Content into RDF
        7.2.1 Transformation Process
        7.2.2 Transforming Relational Databases into RDF
    7.3 Content Aggregation and Integration
    7.4 Quality of Linked Data
        7.4.1 Data Quality of Primary Sources
        7.4.2 Metadata Quality
        7.4.3 Quality of Linked Data Services
    7.5 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
8. Semantic Services for Human and Machine Users
    8.1 Classical Information Retrieval
    8.2 Semantic Concept-based Search
        8.2.1 Handling synonyms
        8.2.2 Homonyms and Semantic Disambiguation
        8.2.3 Query and Document Expansion
    8.3 Semantic Autocompletion
    8.4 Faceted Semantic Search and Browsing
    8.5 Semantic Browsing and Recommending
    8.6 Relational Search
    8.7 Visualization and Mash-ups
        8.7.1 Visualizing Dataset Clouds
        8.7.2 Visualizing Ontologies
        8.7.3 Visualizing Metadata
        8.7.4 Visualizing Search Results
    8.8 Personalization and Context Awareness
    8.9 Cross-portal Re-use of Content
    8.10 Bibliographical and Historical Notes
9. Conclusions

Bibliography
Author’s Biography
Index